COMPATIBILITY TEST OF VARIOUS SOURCES OF INOCULANT ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL FUNGI WITH SWEET CORN PLANTS IN PEAT MEDIA

  • Dwi Zulfita Program Studi Agroteknologi Jurusan Budidaya Pertanian Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Tanjungpura
  • Surachman Surachman Program Studi Agroteknologi Jurusan Budidaya Pertanian Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Tanjungpura
  • Setia Budi Program Studi Agroteknologi Jurusan Budidaya Pertanian Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Tanjungpura
  • Rahmidiyani Rahmidiyani Program Studi Agroteknologi Jurusan Budidaya Pertanian Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Tanjungpura
Keywords: Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, compatibility, peatlands

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to determine the compatibility of AMF isolates from several host plants to the yield components of sweet corn on peatlands. The field experiments were carried out with a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with 5 treatments and 3 replications. The treatments referred to are m0 (without AMF inoculation), m1 (AMF inoculum from the host Pueraria javanica), m2 (AMF inoculum from the soybean plant host), m3 (AMF inoculum from the corn plant host), and m4 (AMF inoculum from the sorghum plant host). Observations were
made on mycorrhizal infections, absorption of N, P, K nutrients, and plant yield components, including weight per ear with weight, weight per ear without husk, ear length, ear diameter, and ear weight per plot. The data acquired from the observation were statistically analyzed using analysis of variance (F test), while further tests were done with Duncan’s multiple distance test (DMRT). The results showed that AMF inoculant derived from maize rhizosphere is more compatible with corn plants than AMF inoculant from rhizosphere sorghum, P. javanica, and soybeans without inoculation. AMF inoculant from maize rhizosphere can increase root infection, absorption of N, P, K nutrients, and the best yield components of sweet corn on peatlands

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ansiga RE, A Rumambi, D Kaligis, I Mansur dan W Kaunang. 2017. Eksplorasi Fungi Mikoriza Arbuskular (FMA)
Pada Rizosfir Hijauan Pakan. Jurnal Zootek. 1:167-178.

Badan Pusat Statistik. 2018. Kalimantan Barat dalam Angka 2017. Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Kalimantan Barat.

Cavagnaro, T.R. 2008. The role of arbuscular mycorrhizas in improving plant zinc nutrition under low soil zinc concentrations. A review Plant Soil 304: 315-325.

Cruz, A. F., T. Ishii, dan K. Kadoya. 2000. Effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on tree growth, leaf water potential, and levels of 1- aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid and ethylene in the roots of papaya under water stress conditions.

Mycorrhiza J. 10(3):121-123. Hapsoh, 2005.Hasil Beberapa Genotip Kedelai yang Diinokulasi MVA pada Berbagai
Tingkat Cekaman Kekeringan Tanah Ultisol. Fakultas Pertanian IPB dan USU.

Hakim, N., M. Y. Nyakpa, A.M. Lubis, Sutopo, M. T. Soul, M. A. Diha, G.B. Hong dan H.H. Barley. 1986. Dasar-dasar Ilmu Tanah. Universitas Lampung. Lampung.

Hasibuan, B.E. 2006.Pupuk dan Pemupukan. Universitas Sumatera Utara. Medan.

Johnson-Green PC, Kenkel NC & Booth T. 1995. The distribution and phenology of arbuscular mycorrhizae along an inland salinity gradient. Can. J. Bot. 73:1318-1327.

Kasiono. 2011. Tekhnik Perbanyakan Fungi Mikoriza Arbuskula (FMA) dalam https://kasiono.wordpress.com/2011/07/
19/tekhnik-perbanyakan-fungi mikorizaarbuskula-fma/. Diakses tanggal 10 Februari 2019.

Kishimoto, S. and G. Sugiura. 2009.Charcoal as a soil conditioner. Int Achieve Future 5.

Lehmann, J., J.P. da Silva Junior, C. Steiner, T. Nehls, W. Zech, and B. Glaser. 2003. Nutrient availabilibility and leaching in an archaeological anthrosol and a ferralsol of the Central Amazon Basin: Fertilizer, manure and charcoal amendments. Plant and Soil 249: 343-357 pp.

Lingga, P. dan Marsono. 2002. Petunjuk Penggunaan Pupuk. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta.

Lukiwati, D.R., 2017. Peningkatan produksi dan kecernaan bahan kering Centrosema pubescens dan Pueraria phaseoloides oleh pemupukan batuan fosfat dan inokulasi MVA. Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, 9(1), pp.1-5

Martajaya, M., L. Agustina dan Syekhfani. 2010. Metode Budidaya Organik Tanaman Jagung Manis di Tlogomas,
Malang. Jurnal Pembangunan dan Alam Lestari1(1): 2-7.

Muis. R, M. Ghulamahdi, M. Melati, P. Purwono, I. Mansur. 2016. Kompatibilitas Fungi Mikoriza Arbuskular dengan
Tanaman Kedelai pada Budi Daya Jenuh Air. Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan (2) : 229 – 237.

Musfal. 2010. Potensi fungi mikoriza arbuskular untuk meningkatkan hasil tanaman jagung. Jurnal Litbang Pertanian 29 (4):6-20.

Nurbaity A, T. Sunarto, R. Hindersah, A. Solihin, M. Kalay. 2011.Fungi Mikoriza Arbuskula asal Pendeglang Jawa Barat sebagai agens hayati pengendali nematoda sista kentang. Jurnal Agrotropika. 16 (2) : 57-61

Nurhandayani, R., Linda R., dan Khotimah, S. 2013. Inventarisasi Jamur Mikoriza Vesikular Arbuskular Dari Rhizosfer
Tanah Gambut Tanaman Nanas (Ananas comosus (L.) Merr). Jurnal Protobiont 2 (3): 146 - 151.

Pirngadi, K. K. Permadi, dan H.M. Toha. 2005. Pengaruh Pupuk Organik dan Anorganik Terhadap Hasil Padi Gogo
Sistem Monokultur. Prosiding Optimasi Pemanfaatan Sumberdaya Pertanian melalui Akselerasi Pemasyarakatan
Inovasi Teknologi Mendukung Revitalisasi Pertanian. Pusat Analisis Sosial Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pertanian. Bogor. Hlm : 102-109.

Prihastuti. 2007. Isolasi dan Karakterisasi Mikoriza Vesikular-Arbuskular di Lahan Kering Masam, Lampung Tengah. Berk.Penel. Hayati12: 99 – 106.

Rajapakse, S., J.C. Miller. 1992. 15 Methods for studying vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal root colonization and
related root physical properties. Methode in Microbiology (24):301-316.

Rao, N.S Subba.1994. Mikroorganisme Tanah dan Pertumbuhan Tanaman. Jakarta: Penerbit Universitas Indonesia

Rini, M. V., T. Jamal, Z. A. Idris, and H. Azizah. 2000. Effect of arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi colonization on growth and
physiological responses of grafted cocoa under field condition. Malaysian Journal of Soil Science 4: 67-78.

Rini, M.V. dan Rozalinda, V. 2010.Pengaruh tanaman inang dan media tanam pada produksi fungi mikoriza arbuskular. Jurnal Agrotropika 15 (1): 37-43.

Santoso, B. 1994. Mikoriza, Peranan dan Hubungannya dengan Kesuburan Tanah. Yayasan Pembina Fakultas
Pertanian Universitas Brawijaya. Malang.

Sari, N.D. 2009. Pengaruh Dosis NPK dan Jenis Pupuk Daun Terhadap Pertumbuhan Dan Produksi Bunga Sedap Malam (Polianthes tuberosa L). Skripsi. Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Lampung.

Setiadi Y. 2001. Peranan Mikoriza Arbuskula dalam reboisasi lahan kritis di Indonesia. Seminar Penggunaan CMA dalam Sistem Pertanian Organik dan Rehabulitasi Lahan. 21-23 April. Bandung. Indonesia.

Steiner C., W.G. Teixeira, J. Lehmann, T. Nehls, J.L.V. Macedo, W.E.H. Blum, and W. Zech. 2007. Long term effects of
manure, charcoal and mineral fertilization on crop production and fertility on a highly weathered Central Amazonian upland soil. Plant and Soil 291:275-290 pp.

Subekti, N. A., Syafruddin, R. Efendi, dan S. Sunarti. 2008.Morfologi Tanaman dan Fase Tanaman Jagung. Balai Penelitian Tanaman Serealia. Maros.

Suhardi. 1989. Pedoman Kuliah Mikoriza Vesikular Arbuskular (MVA). Universitas Gajah Mada. Yogyakarta. 178 hlm.

Suharno, and Sancayaningsih, R. P. 2013. Fungsi Mikoriza Arbuskula: Potensi Teknologi Mikorizoremediasi Logam
Berat dalam Rehabilitasi Lahan Tambang. Jurnal Bioteknologi 10(1): 31-42.

Susila, E., Elita, N. & Yefriwati, Y., 2016, August. Examination of FMA indigenous isolates on the growth and infection
of rice roots in SRI method. In Prosiding Seminar Nasional Masyarakat Biodiversitas Indonesia (Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 71-75)

Syukur, M.dan A. Rifianto. 2014. Jagung Manis. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta.

Wanda A.R., Yuliani, G. Trimulyono. 2015. Keanekaragaman Cendawan Mikoriza Vasikular Arbuskular (MVA) di Hutan
Pantai Nepa Sampang Madura Berdasarkan Gradien Salinitas. Lantera Bio 4(3) : 180 – 186.
Published
2022-08-18
How to Cite
Zulfita, D., Surachman, S., Budi, S., & Rahmidiyani, R. (2022). COMPATIBILITY TEST OF VARIOUS SOURCES OF INOCULANT ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL FUNGI WITH SWEET CORN PLANTS IN PEAT MEDIA. Agric, 34(1), 23-34. https://doi.org/10.24246/agric.2022.v34.i1.p23-34
Section
Articles