Publication Ethics

Publication Ethics

Publishing articles is essential in developing a comprehensive knowledge network for a peer-reviewed journal. Therefore, each publisher, editor, author, and reviewer must take the journal publishing process by themselves based on the highest level of professional ethics and standards.

The publisher’s dedication is to support the editor’s considerable efforts, the author’s academic contribution, and the reviewer’s appreciated voluntary works. It is also a publisher's responsibility to make sure that the publication system runs smoothly and to support the editor, authors, and reviewers in performing their ethical duties with the application of ethical guidelines.

The following are lists of the editor’s responsibilities:

  1. The editor should admit and acknowledge receipt of submitted manuscripts within two working days of receipt and make sure the review process is efficient, fair, and on time.
  2. The editor should ensure that the submitted manuscripts are treated confidentially, with no disclosure of the content whatsoever other than the corresponding author, reviewers, and the publisher, as necessary.
  3. The editor should withdraw himself or herself from processing manuscripts when any conflict of interest exists between him or her and the authors or institutions to the manuscripts
  4. The editor should ensure no disclosure of the names and details of the reviewers to a third party without the reviewers' permission.
  5. The editor’s right includes the final decision on whether to accept or reject a manuscript about its significance, originality, clarity, and relevance to the journal.
  6. The editor should not oblige the authors to cite his or her journal as a condition for the manuscript to be accepted for publication.
  7. The editor is not allowed to use any part, data, or work reported in the submitted manuscript for his or her own research.
  8. The editor should respond promptly and take reasonable measures upon ethical complaints concerning a submitted manuscript or a published paper. He or she should contact and consult with the author immediately, in which a written formal retraction or correction may also be required.

The following are lists of the author’s responsibilities:

  1. The author should not submit coexisting manuscripts (or manuscripts with similar subject matter) to multiple journals. Also, he or she should not submit any paper that has already been published anywhere. However, when certain conditions are met, publishing articles on specific subject matter, such as clinical guidelines and translations, in more than one journal is acceptable.
  2. The author should present an accurate and brief report of his or her research with an inseparable description of its significance.
  3. The author should gather and interpret his or her research data honestly. Publishers, editors, reviewers, and readers can ask the author to provide the raw data for his or her research for the editorial review and public access conveniences. If necessary, the author should prepare such data for any possible use before publication.
  4. The author should guarantee the originality of her or his submitted work. Others should provide appropriate citations for using work and/or words. Any form of plagiarism is an unethical publishing behavior and highly intolerable.
  5. The author should provide an explicit indication of any sources supporting the research and a declaration of any conflict(s) of interest.
  6. The author should acknowledge all those who have contributed to the research. Those with significant contributions to the research should be listed as coauthors who have affirmed the final version of the paper and agreed on its final publication.
  7. The author should give prompt information to the editor when there is any evident error(s) in his or her published paper, as well as earnest cooperation with the editor in the retraction or correction of the paper. When any party other than the author notifies the editor that the published paper contains an obvious error, the author should retrace or make a correction based on the medium of publication.

The following are the lists of reviewer’s responsibilities:

  1. The reviewer should immediately notify the editor and excuse himself or herself from the reviewing process of the manuscript or when he or she feels unqualified to review the assigned manuscript or affirms that he or she cannot meet the deadline for completion of the review.
  2. The reviewer should inform the editor and withdraw from reviewing the manuscript if there is a conflict of interest. Specifically, he or she should withdraw himself or herself from reviewing any manuscript authored or coauthored by a person with an obvious personal or academic relationship with him or her if the relationship may cause bias or the reasonable perception of bias.
  3. The reviewer should ensure that the manuscript is treated confidentially. It should not be disclosed to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.
  4. The reviewer should take an objective approach to the peer-review job. There should be no personal criticism of the author.
  5. The reviewer is not allowed to use any part, data, or work reported in the submitted manuscript for his or her own research.

The reviewer should immediately inform the editor when recognizing any similarity between the reviewed manuscript and another paper published or under consideration by another journal. The reviewer should immediately call the editor’s attention when the manuscript contains plagiarism or fabricated data.

Retraction & Correction (R & C) Policy

Editors believe that the authors have worked carefully preparing manuscripts, and editors have carried out peer-review processes. However, there is the potential for published articles to be withdrawn or deleted for scientific reasons. It should not be done lightly and can only occur under extraordinary circumstances. Therefore, corrections, clarifications, retractions, and apologies, when needed, will be carried out with strict standards to maintain confidence in the authority of its electronic archives. Our commitment and policy are to maintain the integrity and completeness of critical scientific records for researcher's and librarians' archives.