ISLAM DI NUSANTARA: BERMULA DARI PERMOHONAN MAHĀRĀJA ŚRĪWIJAYA PADA ABAD KE-10 MASEHI

  • Bambang Budi Utomo Pensiunan Kerani Rendahan Bidang Arkeologi Sejarah
Keywords: Trade, Persia, kufik (script of calligraphy), Syi’ah, Syi’ah tradition

Abstract

Since the first century of Hijriah or 7th century A.D, South East Asia has been introduced to Islamic “tradition” despite the low frequency. The introduction continued along with the presence of Moslem merchants at divers’ locations in South East Asia. The oldest evidences of the existence of Moslem “community” in South East Asia are two graves dated 5th century of Hijriah/11th century A.D found in Pandurangga (now it is Panrang, Viet Nam) and in Leran (Gresik, Indonesia). The obvious presence of Islam in archipelago happened to be around 13th century A.D, approved by the grave of Sultan Mālik as-Saleh who ended up his reign in Ramadhan month, 696 Hijriah/1297 A.D. It denotes the existence of Islamic kingdom institution in the 13th century A.D. Moslem merchants have been trading since 7th century A.D. Some of Hindu and Buddhist Kingdoms in the archipelago ran diplomatic and trade relations with Moslem kingdoms in Middle East. Archeological evidences supporting the trend were discovered in Java Sea close to Cirebon. Amongst the trade commodities derived from Middle East, an Islamic indicator was found, that is a mould with asma’ul husnah written on it. In spite of most Indonesians follow the main stream of Sunni; residents of Sumatra and Java Island today are practically Syi’ah believers. Archeological data indicates the provenances of Islam infiltration in the archipelago came from Persia through Gujarat, and then it was carried by the merchants sailing to South East Asia, particularly to archipelago and Malay Peninsula.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Azyumardi Azra, 1994, Jaringan Ulama Timur Tengah dan Kepulauan Nusantara Abad XVII dan XVII: Melacak Akar-akar Pembaharuan Pemikiran Islam di Indonesia. Bandung: Mizan, hlm. 41-42.
Drewes, G.W.J., 1983, “New Light on the Coming of Islam to Indonesia”, dalam Reading on Islam in Southeast Asia (ed. Ahmad Ibrahim, Sharon Siddhique, dan Yasmin Hussain). Singapore: ISEAS, hlm.8
Guillot, Claude, 2002, Lobu Tua: Sejarah Awal Barus. Jakarta: EFEO, Association Archipel, Pusat Penelitian Arkeologi, dan Yayasan Obor.
Hourani, George Fadlo, 1951, Arab Sea-Faring in the Indian Ocean in Ancient and Early Mediaval Times. Princeton New Jersey: Princeton University Press, hlm. 61-62
Hurgronje, C. Snouck, 1996, “Arti Agama Islam bagi Penganutnya di Hindia Belanda”, dalam Kumpulan Karangan Snouck Hurgronje Jilid VII (terj. Sutan Maimun dan Rahayu S. Hidayat. Jakarta: INIS, hlm. 6
Poerbatjaraka, R. Ng, 1952, Riwajat Indonesia I. Djakarta: Jajasan Pembangunan, hlm. 31-32
Suryanegara, Ahmad Mansur, 1999, Menemukan Sejarah: Wacana Pergerakan Islam di Indonesia. Bandung: Mizan, hlm. 24.
Tibbets, G.R., 1957, “Early muslim traders in South East Asia”, dalam JMBRAS 30(1): 1-45.
Uka Tjandrasasmita, 1978, “The Introduction of Islam and Growth of Moslem Cities in the Indonesian Archipelago”, dalam Dynamics of Indonesian History (eds. Haryati Soebadio, Carine A du Marchie Sarvas), hlm. 143. Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing Company.
Published
2022-10-28