• Christian H.J. de Fretes Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Komunikasi UKSW



Stigma, Conflict, Democracy, Republik Maluku Selatan


The integration of the states of the Republic of the United States of Indonesia into the Republic of Indonesia including the State of East Indonesia triggered the independence movement by Dr. Christian R.S. Soumokil by proclaiming the Republic of South Maluku (RMS) 1950. Even though it was defeated in 1966, the stigma about RMS is still attached and associated with Maluku culture. This attached stigma then strengthened when the RMS issue reappeared during the 1999 humanitarian conflict. One of the factors that triggered the revival of this movement was dissatisfaction  the state during Suharto's 32-year rule. The cancellation of several national development projects to public protests accused of being part of the RMS Movement became a challenge to democracy in Maluku. Democratization in the reformation period has provided space for people who had been silent to express their dissatisfaction through actions against the government. The emergence of RMS tests how far the quality of community democracy has on human development in Maluku.


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