Radionuclide Release Prediction in Water and Soil at Demonstration Plant of Near Surface Disposal for Radioactive Waste


  • Pandu Dewanto Badan Pengawas Tenaga Nuklir
  • Setyo Sarwanto Moersidik Program Studi Magister TeknikSipil, FakultasTeknik, Universitas Indonesia
  • Sucipta Sucipta Badan Tenaga Nuklir Nasional



Radioactive waste, low level waste, Near Surface Disposal, PRESTO, Demonstration Plant


Near Surface Disposal (NSD) for Radioactive Waste that should be developed due to increment of the low level radioactive waste, need to be analyzed and evaluated related to the radiological impact of the environment. A research method applied is done by modeling the distribution of radionuclide releases process. Analysis related with the releases of radionuclide in water and soil is using PRESTO (Prediction of Radiological Effects Due to Shallow Trench Operations). The application scenarios selected in this safety assessment is the migrations of Co-60 and Cs-137 scenario through the shallow groundwater flow pattern in the NSD site. The SigmaPlot software is also used to determine the concentration equation in well water and river water. The final results showed the concentration of radionuclide in wells and streams below the provision. Radionuclide activity concentrations in well ranged from 10-10Bq/m3 to 100Bq/m3 and in the river ranged from 10-15Bq / m3 to 10-1Bq / m3. The impact of radioactive waste of radionuclide Co-60 and Cs-137 will decrease to the background radiation level at a distance less than 10m and penetrate into the saturated layer up to 4m. In this study, an equation have been obtained that can predict radionuclide concentration patterns based on the distance and the depth of the ground surface against to the facility operation time.


Download data is not yet available.


BAPETEN. (2013). Peraturan Kepala BAPETEN Nomor 4 Tahun 2013 Tentang Proteksi dan Keselamatan Radiasi Dalam Pemanfaatan Tenaga Nuklir. Jakarta: Badan Pengawas Tenaga Nuklir.

BAPETEN. (2013). Peraturan Kepala BAPETEN Nomor 7 Tahun 2013 Tentang Nilai Batas Radioaktivitas Lingkungan. Jakarta: Badan Pengawas Tenaga Nuklir.

BPL-PTLR. (2011). Database Limbah Radioaktif PTLR. Serpong: PTLR-BATAN .

Hung, C.-Y. (2000). User's Guide For PRESTO-EPA-CPG/POP Operation System, Version 4.2. Washington DC: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Radiation and Indoor Air.

IAEA. (1994). Near Surface Disposal of Radioactive Wastes, Safety Series No. 111-S.3. Vienna: International Energy Atomic Agency.

IAEA. (2004). Safety Assessment Methodologies for Near Surface Disposal Facilities. Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency.

IAEA. (2009). Classification of Radioactive Waste,General Safety Guide No. GSG-1). Viena: International Atomic Energy Agency.

IAEA. (2011). Disposal of Radioactive Waste, Specific Safety Requirements (No. SSR-5). Vienna, Austria: International Atomic Energy Agency.

Lubis, E., & Untara. (1996). Migrasi Co60 dan Cs137 dalam tanah jenuh dan tak jenuh di PPTA Serpong. Jakarta: PSPKR-Batan.

PPGN-BATAN. (2010). Penylidkan Geoteknik: Penyelidikan Geologi Teknik dan Hidrogeolgi Tapak asiltas Demo Plant PLLR di PPTN Serpong. Jakarta: PTLR- BATAN.

PPGN-BATAN. (2010). Studi geohidrologi dan karakteisasi akuifer : penyelidikan geologi teknik dan hidrogeologi tapak fasilita demo plant PLLR di PPTN serpong. Jakarta: PTLR - BATAN.

Sucipta. (2012). Optimasi penempatan disposal demo dalam lingkungan geologi Kawasan Nuklir Serpong. Serpong: PTLR-BATAN.

Sumantri, T., & Sucipta. (2012). Pemantauan kedalaman muka air tanah tapak Demo disposal tahun 2011. Serpong: PTLR-BATAN.

Twining, J., Hughes, C., Harrison, J., & Hankin, S. (2011). Biotic, temporal and spatial variability of tritium concentrations in transpirate samples collected in the vicinity of a near-surface low-level nuclear waste disposal site and nearby research reactor.

Yim, M. S., & Simonson, S. A. (2000). Performance Assessment Models for Low Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Facilities: A Review (Vol. 36).




How to Cite

Dewanto, P., Moersidik, S. S., & Sucipta, S. (2016). Radionuclide Release Prediction in Water and Soil at Demonstration Plant of Near Surface Disposal for Radioactive Waste. Indonesian Journal of Physics and Nuclear Applications, 1(2), 116–122.