Interpretasi Modern tentang Teori dan Filosofis Penelitian

Authors

  • Elia Radianto

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24246/kritis.v32i1p56-74

Keywords:

positivism paradigm , post positivism paradigm, Utilitarianism paradigm-Elia Radianto's version

Abstract

In practice, scientific research methods are often based on assumptions that are guided by paradigms that describe a philosophical belief in guiding an action to overcome problems in research. Before the discovery of the mixed method, there was a quantitative method with a positivist paradigm (positivism) and a qualitative method with a post-positivist paradigm. However, in the development at the end of the 1980s until now, the mixed method has been widely used and seen as a new methodology that invites debate, especially related to philosophical, procedural development, and expansion to become different disciplines. Therefore, the author offers the Utilitarianism Paradigm – Elia Radianto Version (PU-VER), as a new paradigm that can be used to base the mixed method. Thus, there are currently three research methods, which have the main paradigm, namely: 1) quantitative with a positivist paradigm (positivism); 2) qualitative with post-positivism or constructivist (interpretative) paradigms or in some textbooks referred to as naturalistic or phenomenological paradigms; and 3) mixed methods with Paradigm Utilitarianism-Versi Elia Radianto (PU-VER).

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Alt R, (2019). Electronic Markets on digital transformation methodologies, Electronic Markets, Springer, Vol. 29, https://doi.org/10.1007/s12525-019-00370-x.

Babbie E. (2021). The Practice of Social Research, Fifteenth Edition, Cengage Learning, Inc. USA.

Best J. W., Kahn J. V., and Jha A. K. (2017). Research in Education Tenth Edition, Pearson India Education Services Pvt. Ltd., India.

Bogdan, R., C. and Biklen, S., K. (2007). Qualitative Research for Education An Introduction to Theory and Methods Fifth Edition. Pearson Education, Inc., USA.

Burns R. B. and Burns R.A, (2008). Business Research Methods and Statistics Using SPSS, SAGE Publications Inc., California.

Cassell C., Cunliffe A. L. and Grandy G. (2018). Qualitative Business and Management Research Methods, SAGE Publications Inc. London.

Cooper D. R, and Schindler P. S, (2014). Business Research Methods, McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., New York.

Creswel J. W, (2014). Research Design Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches 4th Edition, SAGE Publications, Inc., California.

Creswel J. W, and Creswell J. D, (2018). Research Design Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches Fifth Edition, SAGE Publications, Inc., USA.

Flower J. Jr, and Mangione T.W. (1990). Standardized Survey Interviewing, Minimizing Interviewer-Related Error, 2014 by SAGE Publications, Inc, California.

Flower J. Jr, (2014). Survey Research Methods Fifth Edition, by SAGE Publications, Inc, USA.

Gemeda F., T. (2010), The Basis of Distinction between Qualitative and Quantitative Researchin Social Science: Reflection on Ontological, Epistemological and Methodological Perspectives, Ethiopian Journal of Education and Sciences, https://DOI: 10.4314/ejesc.v6i1.6538.

Given L.M. (2008), The SAGE Encyclopedia of Qualitative Research Methods, SAGE Publications, Inc. USA.

Güner R, Hasanoğlu İ, and Aktaş F, (2020). COVID-19: Prevention and control measures in community, Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences, Volume 50, TÜBİTAK doi:10.3906/sag-2004-146.

Kuhn T. S, (2012). The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Fourth Edition, The University of Chicago Press, Ltd., London.

Lavrakas, P.J., Traugott, M.W., Kennedy C., Holbrook A. L., de Leeuw E. D., Wesr B. T. (2019). Experimental Methods in Survey Research Techniques that Combine Random Sampling with Random Assignment, JohnWiley & Sons, Inc., USA.

Leavy P, (2017), Quantitative, Qualitative, Mixed Methods, Arts-Based, and Community-Based Participatory Research Approaches, A Division of Guilford Publications, Inc. USA.

Lune H., and Berg B. L. (2017), Qualitative Research Methods for the Social Sciences Ninth Edition, Pearson Education Limited, England.

Mertens, Donna M, (2009). Transformative Research and Evaluation, The Guilford Press, New York.

Mertens, D., M. (2015). Research and evaluation in education and psychology: integrating diversity with quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods, Fourth Edition, by SAGE Publications, Inc., USA.

Montgomery, Douglas C. (2017). Design and Analysis of Experiments, Ninth Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. USA.

Neuman, Lawrence W. (2014). Basics of Social Research: qualitative & quantitative approaches Third Edition, Pearson Education Limited, USA.

Önday Ö, (2020). Society 5.0 - Its Historical Logic and Its Structural Development, Journal of Scientific Reports, Volume: 2, Issue: 1.

Radianto, E., (2021). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Makalah Kuliah Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Kristen Indonesia Maluku, Ambon.

Rojko A, (2017). Industry 4.0 Concept: Background and Overview, International Journal of Interactive Mobile (iJIM), https://doi.org/10.3991/ijim.v11i5.7072.

Sugiyono (2016). Metode Penelitian Kombinasi (Mixed Methods), Alfabeta, Bandung.

Švarcová J, Urbánek T, Povolná L, and Sobotková E, (2019). Implementation of R & D Results and Industry 4.0 Influenced by Selected Macroeconomic Indicators, Applied Sciences, Vol 9, MDPI, Basel, Switzerland., https://doi:10.3390/app9091846.

Published

2023-06-26

Issue

Section

Articles