Peningkatan Keterampilan Menulis Teks Eksposisi Menggunakan Model Problem Based Learning

  • Martanti Dwi Kristyanawati Pascasarjana Pendidikan Bahasa Indonesia, FKIP, Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta
  • Sarwiji Suwandi Pascasarjana Pendidikan Bahasa Indonesia, FKIP, Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta
  • Muhammad Rohmadi Pascasarjana Pendidikan Bahasa Indonesia, FKIP, Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta
Keywords: Writing Skill, Problem-Based Learning, CAR, Exposition Text

Abstract

The aim of this research is improving expositional text writing skill using PBL for students eighth grade at SMPN 3 Surakarta. PBL is a learning model where the students are asked to solve the problems based on the information given, later they are asked to describe the problems in real life. This Classroom Action Research used the data collection technique with test. The instruments of learning process consisted of 3 items of activity and 20 indicators that were divided into 3 initial stages, core stage, and closing stage. It is shown from the data analysis that the teacher’s teaching activity in the first cycle scored 73, in the second cycle scored 77, and the third cycle reached 80, and all those three results achieved ‘good’ category. The percentage of students' passing level in the first cycle was 43.75%, the second cycle was 68.75%, and the third cycle was 100%. The implementation of PBL was better than in the previous cycle. It was indicated by the improvement in the passing score from 73% (Classification C) in the second cycle, to 82% (Classification B)in the third cycle.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Arends, R. I. (2012). Learning to Teach (Ninth Edit). New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Aztry, A. (2012). Keefektifan Model Sinektik dan Penemuan Konsep pada Pembelajaran Menulis Puisi Berdasarkan Tingkat Kemandirian Siswa Kelas VII SMP. Seloka : Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Dan Sastra Indonesia, 1(2), 91–96.

Damiyanti, M. (2006). Peran Karakteristik Mahasiswa Dalam Pembelajaran Aktif Dengan Sistem PBL. Journal of Dentistry Indonesia, 13(1), 107–110.

Dwinuryati, Y., Andayani, A., & Winarni, R. (2018). Analisis Kohesi Gramatikal dan Leksikal pada Teks Eksposisi Siswa Kelas 10 Sekolah Menengah Atas. Scholaria: Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Kebudayaan, 8(1), 61–69.

Eggen, P., & Kauchak, D. (2016). Educational psychology: Windows on Classrooms (Tenth Edit). New York: Pearson Education Limited.

Fitriyanti, R., & Setyaningtias, E. W. (2017). Pengaruh Metode Chain Writing Terhadap Hasil Belajar Menulis Siswa Kelas 3 Sekolah Dasar. Scholaria: Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Kebudayaan, 7(3), 276–282.

Grenville, K. (2001). Writing from Start to Finish: A Six-Step Guide. Australia: Allen & Unwin.

Kusumawati, H., & Mawardi, M. (2016). Perbedaan Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif Tipe NHT dan STAD Ditinjau dari Hasil Belajar Siswa. Scholaria: Jurnal Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, 6(3), 251-263.

Lewin, B. A., Fine, J., & Young, L. (2001). Expository Discourse: A Genre-Based Approach to Social Research Text. London & New York: Continuum.

Mastan, M. E., & Maarof, N. (2014). ESL Learners’ Self-efficacy Beliefs and Strategy Use in Expository Writing. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 116, 2360–2363.

McCrimmon, J. M. (1972). Writing with a Purpose (Short Edit). United States Of America: Houghton Mifflin.

Mccuen Metherell, J. R., & Wincler, A. C. (2009). From Idea to Essay: A Rhetoric, Reader, and Handbook. New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.

Mustamilah. (2015). Peningkatan keterampilan proses dan hasil belajar menggunakan model. Scholaria, 5(No.2), 70–79.

N, N. R., & Anugraheni, I. (2017). Peningkatan Aktivitas Belajar Matematika Melalui Pendekatan Problem Based Learning Bagi Siswa Kelas 4 SD. Scholaria: Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Kebudayaan, 7(3), 241–250.

Rahmah, S. (2018). Peningkatan Hasil Belajar Materi Keunggulan Lokasi Indonesia Melalui Pendekatan Problem Based Learning pada Siswa Kelas VII B SMPN 6 Kota Bima. BRILIANT: Jurnal Riset Dan Konseptual, 3(1), 92–100.

Rini, R., & Mawardi. (2015). Peningkatan Keterampilan Proses Saintifik dan Hasil Belajar Siswa Kelas 4 SDN Slungkep 02 Tema Peduli Terhadap Makhluk Hidup Menggunakan Model Problem Based Learning. Scholaria: Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Kebudayaan, 5(1), 103–113.

Rosmaya, E. (2013). Pembelajaran Menulis Teks Eksposisi Dengan Menggunakan Pendekatan Kooperatif Tipe Investigasi Kelompok DI SMP. DEIKSIS: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Dan Sastra Indonesia, 5(1), 111–127.

Son, R. S. S. (2017). Pembelajaran Bervisi Sets Model Problem Based Learning Pada Materi Daur Ulang Limbah. Scholaria: Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Kebudayaan, 7(3), 257–266.

Sundem, G. (2007). Practical Strategies for Successful Classrooms: Improving Student Writing Skills. United States Of America: Shell Education.

Wijnia, L. (2016). The Problem With Problems in Problem-Based Learning: Difference Between Problem Explaining Versus Problem Solving. Health Professions Education, 2(2), 59–60.

Yew, E. H. J., & Goh, K. (2016). Problem-Based Learning: An Overview of its Process and Impact on Learning. Health Professions Education, 2(2), 75–79.

Zamzam, K. F. (2016). Pendekatan Problem Based Learning Untuk Mengembangkan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Mahasiswa. Jurnal Pedagogia, 5(2), 279–286.
Published
2019-05-23
How to Cite
Kristyanawati, M., Suwandi, S., & Rohmadi, M. (2019). Peningkatan Keterampilan Menulis Teks Eksposisi Menggunakan Model Problem Based Learning. Scholaria: Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Kebudayaan, 9(2), 192-202. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24246/j.js.2019.v9.i2.p192-202
Section
Articles