Tinjauan Deskriptif Penerapan Higher Order Thinking dan Problem-Based Learning Pada Mata Kuliah Geometri Berdasarkan Kemampuan Matematika Mahasiswa

  • Andri Anugrahana PGSD Universitas Sanata Dharma
Keywords: higher order thinking, mathematics, elementary school, problem-solving

Abstract

Teaching and learning process in the classroom tends to use the process of memorizing and using the concept in Bloom's taxonomy. This study developed questions that invites students to perform high-level skill process of analyzing, evaluating, and creating, according to Bloom's taxonomy, which are the indicators of HOT (Higher Order Thinking). The HOT process is derived from students experience in learning and the knowledge of each student. This qualitative descriptive research aims to obtain a description of the HOT problem-solving process in the geometry course. Subjects in this study were 50 prospective elementary school teachers. The learning process begins with the students getting the problems given by the teacher, then discussing it in groups, and providing opportunities for students to express opinions or thoughts orally. The data collection was the results of the student's thinking process, problem-solving skills test, and interviews. The data analysis was done by doing data reduction, data presentation, also drawing conclusion and verification. The result showed that students experiencing high level skill process of analyzing, evaluating and creating. In the process of analyzing, the students proved the formula of the area of two-dimensional figures. In evaluating the stages, the students in the group conducted the examination, made guesses, did the experiment, and tested the allegations of what has been done. Furthermore, students were able to create and find various answers in the form of two-dimensional figures.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ade Gunawan. (2012). Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Berbasis Masalah untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis Siswa SMA Negeri 2 Metro. Pendidikan Biologi FKIP Universitas Muhammadiyah Metro. Email:aa_gun8987@yahoo.com

Aisyah, Nyimas, Zulkardi dan Lewy. 2009. Pengembangan Soal Untuk Mengukur Kemampuan Berpikir Tingkat Tinggi Pokok Bahasan Barisan dan Deret Bilangan di Kelas IX Akselerasi SMP Xaverius Palembang. http://eprints.unsri.ac.id/820/1/2_Lewy_14-28.pdf diakses tanggal 21 April 2018
Arends, R. I. 2012. Learning to Teach. New York: Mc Graw-Hill.

Depdiknas. (2003). Kumpulan Pedoman Kurikulum 2004. Jakarta: Depdiknas

Fadjar, Shadiq. Laporan Hasil Seminar dan Lokakarya Pembelajaran Matematika 15-16 Maret 2007 di P4TK (PPPG) Matematika Yogyakarta Forehand,M .2005. Bloom Taxonomy: Original and Revised tersedia di https://www.scribd.com/doc/78216950/laporan-hasil-seminar-dan-lokakarya-pembelajaran-matematika-15-16-maret-2007-di-p4tk-pppg-matematika diakses tanggal 23 April 2018

Krathwohl, R. (2012). A Revision of Bloom’s Taxonomy: An Overview. http://ocw.metu.edu.tr/pluginfile.php/9009/mod_resource/content/1/s15430421tip4104_2.pdf diakses tanggal 23 Aprl 2018 .

Nugrahani, R. (2007). Media Pembelajaran Berbasis Visual Berbentuk Permainan Ular Tangga untuk Meningkatkan Kualitas Belajar Mengajar di Sekolah Dasar. Lembaran Ilmu Kependidikan, 36(1).

Ayuningtyas, N., Rahaju, Endah B.. Jurusan Matematika, Universitas Negeri Surabaya Surabaya 60231. http://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/jurnal/mathedunesa/abstrak/2702/proses-penyelesaian-soal-higher-order-thinking-materi-aljabar-siswa-smp-ditinjau-berdasarkan-kemampuan-matematika-siswa. diakses tanggal 15 Januari 2018.

Sukaptiyah, S. (2015). Peningkatan Hasil Belajar PKn Melalui Model Problem Based Learning Pada Siswa Kelas VI SD Negeri 1 Mongkrong, Wonosegoro. Scholaria: Jurnal Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, 5(1), 114-121.

Susanto, Heri Ratnawati, 2016. Perangkat Pembelajaran Matematika Bercirikan PBL untuk Mengembangkan HOTS Siswa SMA. Jurnal Riset Pendidikan Matematika. Print ISSN: 2356-2684, Online ISSN: 2477-1503.

Soviawati, E. (2011). Pendekatan matematika realistik (pmr) untuk meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir siswa di tingkat sekolah dasar. Jurnal Edisi Khusus, 2(2), 79-85.

Murray, E., C. (2011). Implementing higherorder thinking in middle school mathematics classrooms. Dissertation Submitted to the Graduate Faculty of The University of Georgia,Georgia. Tersedia di file:///E:/ARTIKEL_PGSD/HOTS/10631-28233-2-PB.pdf Diakses tanggal 23 April 2018.

Rakhmawati, Y; Chamdani M; Chrysti S K. (2013). Penerapan Model PBL dalam Peningkatan Berpikir Kritis IPA Siswa Kelas V SD. Kalam Cendekia PGSD Kebumen, 3(2).

Retnawati, H., Susanto, E. (2016) Perangkat pembelajaran Matematika Bercirikan PBL untuk Mengembangkan HOTS siswa SMA. Jurnal Riset Pendidikan Matematika 3 (2), 189 – 197.

Pramudita, W., & Anugraheni, I. (2017). Studi Penguasaan Matematika Dan Bahasa Inggris Mahasiswa Program Studi Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar (PGSD). Scholaria: Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Kebudayaan, 7(1), 70-82.

Yeni, E. M. (2011). Pemanfaatan Benda-Benda Manipulatif untuk Meningkatkan Pemahaman Konsep Geometri dan Kemampuan Tilikan Ruang Siswa Kelas V Sekolah Dasar. Jurnal Edisi Khusus, 1, 63-75.
Published
2018-05-04
How to Cite
Anugrahana, A. (2018). Tinjauan Deskriptif Penerapan Higher Order Thinking dan Problem-Based Learning Pada Mata Kuliah Geometri Berdasarkan Kemampuan Matematika Mahasiswa. Scholaria: Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Kebudayaan, 8(2), 142-156. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24246/j.js.2018.v8.i2.p142-156
Section
Articles