Accurate local magnitude prediction for small to moderate earthquakes using rapid calculations of P-wave dominant period

  • Tjipto Prastowo Research Center for Earth Science Studies, Physics Department, Universitas Negeri Surabaya
  • Berla Maghda Putri Mahanani Physics Department, FMIPA, Universitas Negeri Surabaya
  • Latifatul Cholifah Research Center for Earth Science Studies, Physics Department, FMIPA, Universitas Negeri Surabaya
  • La Ode Ngkoimani Physics Department, FMIPA, Universitas Halu Oleo
  • La Ode Safiuddin Physics Department, FMIPA, Universitas Halu Oleo, Kampus UHO Anduonou, Kendari 92231, Indonesia
Keywords: dominant period, empirical formula, local magnitude

Abstract

This study examines mechanisms of rapid and accurate determination of local magnitude Mpd for small to moderate events that occurred in West Sulawesi and Central Sulawesi using direct procedures and calculations of the dominant period Td of P-waveforms. Secondary data were collected from Webdc3, comprising earthquake magnitudes in the regions of interest during 2008-2015 measured in MW. The study focuses on earthquake size estimates for local events as a parameter through simple evaluation of a linear equation relating Td to MW. For all the events considered, empirical formulas derived from the random data for estimating the size are, respectively, Mpd = (Td + 6.6799)/1.5199 for West Sulawesi and Mpd = (Td + 3.3648)/0.8464 for Central Sulawesi. Each was used to recalculate events in the two regions. The results were compared to the reference provided by the Global CMT catalog. The results are consistent with the reference having a standard deviation of up to 0.2, showing evidence of no significant difference in magnitude determination between the method proposed in the current study and that of the Global CMT. This suggests that rapid and accurate magnitude determination is best predicted by the empirical formula developed for each region in this study for future use of disaster risk reduction program.

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Published
2017-10-26
How to Cite
Prastowo, T., Mahanani, B., Cholifah, L., Ngkoimani, L., & Safiuddin, L. (2017). Accurate local magnitude prediction for small to moderate earthquakes using rapid calculations of P-wave dominant period. Journal of Science & Science Education, 1(2), 15-20. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24246/josse.v1i2p15-20
Section
Articles

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