Strategi Energi Vladimir Putin Dalam Mempertahankan Dominasi Rusia Di Negara-Negara Baltik

  • Chikitta Carnelian Program Studi Hubungan Internasional Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Komunikasi Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana
  • Daru Purnomo Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Komunikasi Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana
  • Adrianus Bintang Hanto Nugroho Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Komunikasi Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana
Keywords: European Union, Energy Policy, Russia, Baltic States


The EU Enlargement is a European Union (EU) effort to expand its territory over the entire European continent, including to Eastern Europe which is still under Russian influence. Russia is trying to take control again to the Baltic States which are the only post-Soviet countries to join the EU. Baltic membership in the EU and NATO leads to the direct attachment of the EU-Russia border that threatens the security of the Russian territory and other Russian national interests. Utilizing the development of its natural gas energy industry, Russia sought to restore its influence in the Baltic using a gas-based grand strategy as both natural resources and economic means. The EU's energy rivalry with Russia is regulated in Russia's energy policy implemented by Gazprom on the orders of the Kremlin which is under the control of Putin and his siloviki. The author uses Foreign Policy Analysis theory to analyze the suitability of Putin's energy policy and its bureaucracy with their grand strategy to see the possibility of achieving Russia's national goals to maintain influence in the Baltic states, protecting regional security and maintaining a balance of power in Europe.


Download data is not yet available.


Aalto, Pami dan Kirsten Westpal. 2008. Introduction. Pami Aalto (ed).The Europe-Russian Energy Dialogue, Europe’s Future Energy Security. Hampshire:Ashgate.pp 12-43

Baran, Zeyno. 2007. EU Energy Security: Time to End Russian Leverage. Jurnal The Washington Quarterly Vol 30 (4): 133

Barysch, Katinka. 2006. The EU and Russia: From Principle to Pragmatism? Policy Brief,Centre for European reform website: 20 Januari 2017.

Bochkarev, Danila. 2006. Energy Policy during President Putin’s Tenure. London: GMB Publishing. Pp. 15-35

Breuning, Marijke. 2007. Foreign Policy Analysis: A Comparative Introduction. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan. Pp.1-85

Ellerson, Harold.2006. Baltic Independence and Russian Foreign Energy Policy. London: GMB Publishing. Pp. 13-33

Finon, Dominique dan Catherine Locatelli. 2007. Russian and European Gas Interdependence, Can Market Forces Balance Out Geopolitics?. Jurnal LEPIIEPE no. 41 Januari 2007:24

Hudson, Valerie. 2014. Foreign Policy Analysis: Classic and Contemporary Theory. Plymouth: Rowman & Littlefield. Pp. 1-73

Kanet, Roger E. 2010. Russian Foreign Policy in the 21st Century. New York City: Palgrave Macmillan. Pp. 246-266.

Larsson, Robert L. 2006. Russia’s Energy Policy: Security Dimensions and Russia’s Reliability as an Energy Power. Stockholm: FOI.

Leonard, Mark dan Nicu Popescu. 2007. A Power Audit of EY-Russia Relations. ECFR Policy Paper edisi November 2007.

Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation. 2010. Energy Strategy of Russia For the Period Up to 2030. Moscow: Institute of Energy Strategy

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia Federation. National Security Concept of the Russian Federation. Retrieved from Ministry of Foreign Affair website: , 19 Januari 2017

Myers, Steven Lee. 2015. The New Tsar: The Rise and Reign of Vladimir Putin. Toronto: Penguin Random House

Pami Aalto (ed) 2008.The Europe-Russian Energy Dialogue, Europe’s Future Energy Security. Hampshire:Ashgate

Putin, Vladimir dan Natalya Gevorkyan . 2008. First Person: An Astonishingly Frank Self-Portrait by Russia's President. New York City: PublicAffairs

Rangsimaporn, Paradorn. 2006. Interpretations of Eurasianism: Justifying Russia’s Role in East Asia. Jurnal Europe-Asia Studies, Vol.58 (5): 375-376

Renz, Bettina. 2007. The Siloviki in Russian Politics: PoliticalStrategy or a Product of System?. Russian Analytical Digest 17 Juli 2007: 2-4

Rosner, Kevin. 2006. Gazprom and the Russian State. London: GMB Publishing Ltd.

Sakwa, Richard. 2008. Putin’s Leadership: Character and Consequences. Jurnal Europe-Asia Studies, Vol 60(6), Agustus 2008: 879-897

Sakwa, Richard. 2008. Putin: Russia’s Choice. New York City: Routledge. Pp. 52-56

Schroder, Berlin. 2009. Russia’s National Security Strategy 2020. Russian Analytical Digest. No. 62

Soldatov, Andrei dan Michael Rochlitz.The Siloviki in Russian Politics. Retrieved from Russian Political Insight Website: 17 Januari 2017

Treisman, Daniel. 2006. Putin’s Silovarch. Retrieved from University of California Los Angeles website: 17 Januari 2017

Trenin, Dmitri. 2004. Identity and Integration: Russia and the West in the 21st Century. Moscow: Carnegie.

Trenin, Dmitri. 2007. Russia’s Strategic Choice. Jurnal Carnegie Endowment, No. 50

Varol, Tugce. 2013. The Russian Foreign Energy Policy. Kocani: EGALITE.

Zygar, Mikhail. . All the Kremlin’s Men: Inside the Court of Vladimir Putin. New York City: PublicAffairs
How to Cite
Carnelian, C., Purnomo, D., & Hanto Nugroho, A. (2017). Strategi Energi Vladimir Putin Dalam Mempertahankan Dominasi Rusia Di Negara-Negara Baltik. Cakrawala, 6(1), 1-34. Retrieved from