The publication of articles is essential in the development of a comprehensive network of knowledge for a peer-reviewed journal. Therefore, it is important that each publisher, editors, authors, and reviewers should take the journal publishing process by themselves based on the highest level of professional ethics and standards.
The publisher’s dedication is to support the editor’s considerable efforts, author’s academic contribution and reviewer’s appreciated voluntary works. It is also the responsibility of a publisher to make sure that the publication system runs smoothly, and to support the editor, authors and reviewers in performing their ethical duties with the application of ethical guidelines.
The followings are lists of the editor’s responsibilities:
- The editor should admit acknowledge receipt of submitted manuscripts within two working days of receipt and make sure the review process is efficient, fair, and on time.
- The editor should ensure that a confidential manner is treated to the submitted manuscripts with no disclosure of the content whatsoever other than the corresponding author, reviewers, and the publisher, as necessary.
- The editor should withdraw himself or herself from processing manuscripts when any conflict of interest exists between him or her and the authors or institutions in relation to the manuscripts
- The editor should make sure no disclosure of the names and details of the reviewers to a third party without the permission of the reviewers.
- The editor’s right includes the final decision on whether to accept or reject a manuscript in refer to the significance, originality, and clarity of the manuscript and its relevance to the journal.
- The editor should not oblige the authors to cite his or her journal as a condition for the manuscript to be accepted for publication.
- The editor is not allowed to use any part or any data or work reported in the submitted manuscript for his or her own research.
- The editor should give prompt response and take reasonable measures upon ethical complaint concerning a submitted manuscript or a published paper, and he or she should contact and consult with the author immediately, in which a written formal retraction or correction may also be required.
The followings are lists of the author’s responsibilities:
- The author should not submit coexisting manuscripts (or manuscripts with similar subject matter) to multiple journals. Also, he or she should not submit any paper that has already been published anywhere. However, when certain conditions are met, publication of articles on specific subject matter, such as clinical guidelines and translations, in more than one journal is acceptable.
- The author should present an accurate and brief report of his or her research with inseparable description of its significance.
- The author should gather and interpret his or her research data in an honest manner. Publishers, editors, reviewers, and readers are allowed to ask the author to provide the raw data for his or her research for the editorial review and public access conveniences. If necessary, the author should prepare such data for any possible use prior to publication.
- The author should guarantee the originality of her or his submitted work. The use or work and/or words by others should be provided with appropriate citations. Any forms of plagiarism is an unethical publishing behavior and highly intolerable.
- The author should provide explicit indication of any sources supporting the research as well as declaration of any conflict(s) of interest.
- The author should give acknowledgement to all of those who have made contributions to the research. Those with significant contributions to the research should be listed as coauthors who have affirmed the final version of the paper and agreed on its final publication.
- The author should give prompt information to the editor when there is any evident error(s) in his or her published paper, as well as earnest cooperation with the editor in the retraction or correction of the paper. When any party other than the author notifies the editor that the published paper contains an obvious error, a retraction or correction should be made by the author based on the medium of publication.
The followings are the lists of reviewer’s responsibilities:
- The reviewer should immediately notify the editor and excuse himself or herself from the reviewing process of the manuscript or when he or she feels unqualified to review the assigned manuscript, or affirms that he or she cannot meet the deadline for completion of the review.
- The reviewer should inform the editor and withdraw himself or herself from reviewing the manuscript if there is a conflict of interest. Specifically, he or she should withdraw himself or herself from reviewing any manuscript authored or coauthored by a person with an obvious personal or academic relationship with him or her, if the relationship may cause bias or the reasonable perception of bias.
- The reviewer should ensure that a confidential manner is treated to the manuscript. It should not be disclosed to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.
- The reviewer should take an objective approach upon the peer-review job. There should be no personal criticism to the author.
- The reviewer is not allowed to use any part or any data or work reported in the submitted manuscript for his or her own research.
The reviewer should immediately inform the editor when recognizing any similarity between reviewed manuscript and another paper published or under consideration by another journal. The reviewer should give immediate call to the editor’s attention when the manuscript contains plagiarism or fabricated data.