GROUND WATER LEVEL AND SOIL TEMPERATURE VARIATION ON TROPICAL PEATLAND IN EL NIÑO YEAR

  • Nur Wakhid Balai Penelitian Pertanian Lahan Rawa
  • Siti Nurzakiah Balai Penelitian Pertanian Lahan Rawa, Jl. Kebun Karet, Loktabat Utara, Banjarbaru
  • Nurita Nurita Balai Penelitian Pertanian Lahan Rawa, Jl. Kebun Karet, Loktabat Utara, Banjarbaru
  • Zainudin Zainudin Balai Penelitian Pertanian Lahan Rawa, Jl. Kebun Karet, Loktabat Utara, Banjarbaru
Keywords: environmental factors, ecosystems, climate change, peat fire

Abstract

Water level (TMA) and soil temperature are two keys of environmental factors for ecosystem peatland study and for peatland ecosystem sustainability as well as crop productivity on peatland. On the other hand, climate change is another factor that cannot be avoided and affects the peatland ecosystem. Fluctuation of water level and soil temperature more severe on El Niño or dry years. Therefore, monitoring of water level and soil temperature on peatland ecosystem is important for sustainable peat management, especially on the dry years. The study objective was to determine the dynamics of water level and soil temperature on peatlands ecosystem in El Niño years and compare them to the normal year conditions. Water level and soil temperature were conducted automatically on rubber plantations on tropical peatland in Jabiren, Pulang Pisau, Central Kalimantan, from January to December 2015. Water level on the field and canal drainage on tropical peatlands followed the variations of precipitation. Although the average of annual precipitation on El Niño year is almost the same as normal year, but the water level and soil temperature show quite significant differences to the normal years. In addition, even water level was deeper and soil temperature is quite high in the dry season of El Niño years, but this field did not burn because productive plants were growth managed well by the owner.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Couwenberg, J., Dommain, R., & Joosten, H., 2009. Greenhouse gas fluxes from tropical peatlands in South-East Asia. Global Change Biology, 16(6): 1715-1732.

Furukawa, Y., K. Inubushi, M. Ali, A.M. Itang, and H. Tsuruta. 2005.Effect of changing groundwater levels caused by land-use changes on greenhouse gas fluxes from tropical peatlands. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 71: 81-91.

Hirano, T., Segah, H., Harada, T., Limin, S., June, T., Hirata, R., and Osaki, M., 2007. Carbon dioxide balance of a tropical peat swamp forest in Kalimantan, Indonesia. Global Change Biol., 13: 412-425.

Hirano, T., Jauhiainen, J., Inoue, T., Takahashi, H., 2009. Controls on the carbon balance of tropical peatlands. Ecosystems 12:873–887.

Hirano, T., Kusin, K., Limin, S., Osaki, M., 2014. Carbon dioxide emissions through oxidative peat decomposition on a burnt tropical peatland. Global change biology, 20(2): 555–65.

Hirano, T., Kusin, K., Limin, S., Osaki, M., 2015.Evapotranspiration of tropical peat forests. Glob. Chang. Biol. 21:1914–1927.

Hooijer, A., Page, S., Navratil, P., Vernimmen, R., Van der Vat, M., Tansey, K., Konecny, K., Siegert, F., Ballhorn, U., Mawdsley, N., 2014. Carbon Emissions from Drained and Degraded Peatland in Indonesia and Emission Factors for Measurement. Reporting and Verification (MRV) of Peatland Greenhouse Gas Emissions - A Summary of KFCP Research Results for Practitioners. IAFCP, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Itoh M., Okimoto Y., Hirano T., Kusin K., 2017. Factors affecting oxidative peat decomposition due to land use in tropical peat swamp forests in Indonesia. Science of the Total Environment 609: 906–915.

Jauhiainen, J., Hooijer, a., & Page, S. E. 2012. Carbon dioxide emissions from an acacia plantation on peatland in Sumatra, Indonesia. Biogeosciences, 9(2): 617–630.

Jauhiainen, J., Kerojoki, O., Silvennoinen, H., Limin, S., Vasander, H., 2014. Heterotrophic respiration in drained tropical peat is greatly affected by temperature- a passive eco-system cooling experiment. Environ. Res. Lett. 9:105013.

Jaya A., 2007. Ecological planning of tropical peatland for carbon and water conservation. PhD Thesis University of Nottingham, United Kingdom. pp.178.

Könönen, M., Jauhiainen, J., Laiho, R., Kusin, K., Vasander, H. 2015. Physical and chemical properties of tropical peat under stabilised land uses. Mires and Peat. 16, 1–13.

Miettinen, J., Shi C., and Liew S. C. 2011. Deforestration rates in insular Southeast Asia between 2000 and 2010. Global Change Biology, 17: 2261-2270.

Miettinen, J., Hooijer, A., Shi, C., Tollenaar, D., Vernimmen, R., Liew, S.C., Malins, C., Page, S.E. 2012. Extent of industrial plantations on Southeast Asian peatlands in 2010 with analysis of historical expansion and future projections. GCB Bioenergy, 4(6): 908–918.

Page, S.E., Rieley, J.O. & Banks, C.J., 2011. Global and regional importance of the tropical peatland carbon pool. Global Change Biology, 17(2): 798–818.

Schiermeier, Q., 2015.Hunting the Godzilla El Niño. Nature 526, 490-491.

Sundari, S, Hirano T, Yamada H, Kusin K, Limin S. 2012.Effects of Groundwater Level on Soil Respiration in Tropical Peat Swamp Forests. Journal of Agricultural Meteorology, 68: 121–134.

Wakhid N., Nurzakiah S., Nurita. 2016. Dinamika tinggi muka air tanah pada lahan gambut yang terbakar. Disampaikan pada Seminar dan Kongres HGI VII tahun 2016. Bogor.

Wakhid, N., Hirano, T., Okimoto, Y., Nurzakiah, S., Nursyamsi, D., 2017. Soil carbon dioxide emissions from a rubber plantation on tropical peat. Sci. Total Environ. 581–582:857–865.

Yulianingsih, E., 2017.Emisi methana (CH4) dari saluran drainase lahan gambut di Kalimantan Tengah. Agric, 28(1), 25-30.

Yondra, Y., & Wawan, N., 2017. Chemical properties studys of peatland on various landuse. Agric, 29(2), 103-112.
Published
2018-12-21
How to Cite
Wakhid, N., Nurzakiah, S., Nurita, N., & Zainudin, Z. (2018). GROUND WATER LEVEL AND SOIL TEMPERATURE VARIATION ON TROPICAL PEATLAND IN EL NIÑO YEAR. Agric, 30(2), 103-110. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24246/agric.2018.v30.i2.p103-110
Section
Articles