APPLICATION OF DRIP IRRIGATION ON COTTON PLANT GROWTH (Gossypium sp.)

  • Syahruni Thamrin Politeknik Pertanian Negeri Pangkep
  • Budiman Budiman Politeknik Pertanian Negeri Pangkep
  • Baso Darwisah Politeknik Pertanian Negeri Pangkep
  • Junaedi Junaedi Politeknik Pertanian Negeri Pangkep
Keywords: cotton, drip irrigation, water management

Abstract

The condition of cotton planting in South Sulawesi is always constrained in the fulfillment of water. All plant growth stages are not optimal to increase production, so it is necessary to introduce good water management technology, such as through water supply with drip irrigation system. This study aims to analyze the strategy of irrigation management in cotton plants using drip irrigation system. Model of application by designing drip irrigation system and cotton planting on land prepared as demonstration plot. Observations were made in the germination phase and the vegetative phase of the early plants. Based on the result of drip irrigation design, the emitter droplet rate (EDR) was 34.266 mm/hour with an operational time of 4.08 min/day. From the observation of cotton growth, it is known that germination time lasted from 6 to 13 days after planting, the average plant height reached 119.66 cm, with the number of leaves averaging 141.93 pieces and the number of bolls averaging 57.16 boll.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Bhaskar, K.S., Rao, M.R.K., Mendhe, P.N., and Suryavansh, M.R. 2005. Micro Irrigation Management in Cotton. Central Institute for Cotton Research Nagpur. Technical Bulletin from CICR (www.cicr.org.in)

Jadhav, G.S., Lomte, D.M. and Kagde, N.V. 2002. Effect of irrigation and fertigation through drip on productivity and water use efficiency of hybrid cotton Gossypium hirsutum). Extended summaries, Vo1.2. 2 InternationalAgronomy Congress, Nov. 26-30, New Delhi, PP. 1344-1346.

Riajaya, P., D. 2006. Sebaran Curah Hujan Sebagai Dasar Penetapan Waktu Tanam Kapas Pada Lahan Sawah Sesudah padi di Lamongan. Jawa Timur. Perspektif, (5)1:26-35.

Rejekiningrum,P., Y. Apriyana, dan K.S., Haryanti. 2007. Skenario Masa Tanam kapas untuk Menekan Risiko Kekering- an (Studi Kasus Kabupaten Jeneponto Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan). J. Agromet Indonesia 21(1): 21-35.

Simonne, E.H., M.D. Dukes, and L.Zoratelli, 2010. Principles and Practices of Irrigation Management for Vegetable. Chapter 3. IFAS Extension. Florida.

Tirtosuprobo, S., dan Wahyuni, S., 2006. Penerapan Teknologi Pengendalian Hama Terpadu untuk Meningkatkan Produksi Usahatani kapas di Sulawesi Selatan. Perspektif, (5)1:36-45.
Published
2017-12-11
How to Cite
Thamrin, S., Budiman, B., Darwisah, B., & Junaedi, J. (2017). APPLICATION OF DRIP IRRIGATION ON COTTON PLANT GROWTH (Gossypium sp.). Agric, 29(2), 113-120. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24246/agric.2017.v29.i2.p113-120
Section
Articles