TUNGRO DISEASE CONTROL THROUGH THE ELIMINATION VECTOR ROLE OF GREEN LEAF HOPPER WITH ENVIRONMENT FRIENDLY CONTROL

  • Dini Yuliani Balai Besar Penelitian Tanaman Padi
  • I Nyoman Widiarta Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan
Keywords: Metarhizium anisopliae, Sambilata, Tungro, Green Leafhopper

Abstract

Green leafhopper (GLH)plays an important role in tungro disease epidemics. Reduce the activity of GLHsuckasvectorsof tungro virus was effective to limit transmission of the virus. Integrated control of tungro disease may involve multiple components at once including using sambilata with entomopathogenicfungus Metarhiziumanisopliae. This research was conducted to determine the effect of sambilata and M.anisopliaein controlling the GLH as tungro virus vectors. The experiment was conducted in tungro endemic areas in Tanjungsiang,Subang District at dry season 2013 and wet season 2013/2014. Experiments using split plot design with four replications. The main plot was consists of GLH resistant varieties(IR66), tungro resistant varieties (Inpari 9), and check varieties(Ciherang). The subplots were M.anisopliae applications, sambilata, and control. Application was done on rice plant age 14, 28 and 42 days after planting (DAP).The results showed that the intensity of tungro on Ciherang showed the highest intensity compared toIR66 and Inpari9. Effect of entomopathogenic fungus M.anisopliae application to tungro disease showed a lower intensity compared with sambilata extracts and control. The intensity of tungro disease in farmers’ fields as a comparison of experiment was high enough on average between 1 until 69%. In general, the density of GLH population began to increase on the observation of 14 to 28 DAP. GLH population density was highest at 28 DAP. However, the population density of GLH decreased at 42 until 56 DAP.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Gomez KA, andAA Gomez. 1984. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. Second Edition. John Wiley & Sons. Inc. Canada.

Hasanuddin A. 2009. Status tungro di Indonesia Penelitian dan Strategi Pengelolaan ke Depan. Disampaikan pada orasi purnabakti Puslitbangtan, Bogor 31 Maret 2009.

Hibino H, and R.C. Cabunagan. 1986. Rice tungro-associated viruses and their relation to host plants and vector leafhopper. International Symposium on

Virus Diseases of Rice and Leguminous in the Tropics.p:173-182.

Hibino H. 1996. Biology and epidemiology of rice viruses. Annual Reviews Phyto- pathology 34: 249-274.

Holt J. 1996. Spatial modelling of rice tungro disease epidemics. In: Rice Tungro Disease Epidemiology and Vector Ecology. Chancellor, Teng and Heong (Eds.). IRRI and NRI. p: 74-86.

Imbe T. 1991. Breeding for resistance to tungro disease of rice. Tropical Agriculture Research Center. 136p.

Kusdiaman D, dan IN Widiarta. 2008. Efikasi lapang efek sambilata terhadap wereng hijau vector virus untuk pengendalian penyakit tungro padi. JurnalAgrikultura 19 (1): 26-36.

Ling KC. 1979. Rice Virus Disease. IRRI. The Phillipines. 142p.

Muis A, M Yasin Said, dan A Hasanuddin. 1990. Epidemiologi penyakit tungro, pergiliran varietas dan waktu tanam. Hasil Penelitian Padi. Balai Tanaman Pangan Maros. Hal. 47-52.

Prayogo Y, W Tengkano, dan Marwoto. 2005. Prospek cendawan entomopatogen Metarhizium anisopliae untuk mengendalikan ulat grayak Spodoptera litura pada kedelai. Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian 24 (1): 19-26.

Raga IN, W Murdita, MPL Tri, SW Edi, dan Oman. 2004. Sistem surveillance antisipasi ledakan penyakit tungro di Indonesia. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Status Program Penelitian Tungro Mendukung Keberlanjutan Produksi Padi Nasional. Makassar, 7-8 September 2004.

Raga IN. 2007. Perkembangan dan Penyebaran Penyakit Tungro di Indonesia. Prosiding Seminar Nasional “Strategi Pengendalian Penyakit Tungro Mendukung Peningkatan Produksi Beras”. Makassar, 7-8 September 2007.

Roberts DW. 1966. Toxin from the entomogeneous fungus Metarrhizium anisopliae. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 8: 212-227.

Said MY, dan D Baco. 1988. Efektivitas dan peranan jamur dalam pengendalian wereng hijau, Nephotettix virescens Mats. Agrikam 3: 1-6.

Suryadi Y, dan S Hendarsih. 1991. Kepekaan wereng hijau terhadap jamur patogen serangga Metarhizium anisopliae (Metsch) Sorokin. Dalam: Biologi Dasar Dalam Menunjang Produktivitas dan Kualitas Hayati. Prosiding Seminar Biologi Dasar II. Suhirman (Ed.). Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Biologi LIPI. p. 222-225.

Suryadi Y, dan TS Kadir. 2007. Pengamatan infeksi jamur patogen serangga Metarhizium anisopliae (Metsch. Sorokin) pada wereng coklat. Berita Biologi 8 (6): 501-507.

Suzuki YI, KR Widrawan, IGN Gede, IN Raga, Yasis, and Suroto. 1992. Field epidemiology and forecasting technology of rice tungro disease by green leafhopper. JARQ 26: 98-104.

TsaiYS, EW Kau, and SS Kao. 1993. Screening of fungicide resistant of Metarhizium anisopliae var. anisopliae. Chinese Journal of Entomology 13: 45-57.

Van Regenmortel MH, CM Fauquet, DHL Bishop, EB Cartens, MK Estes, SM Lemon, J Maniloff, MA Mayo, DJ McGeoch, CR Pringle, and RB Wicker. 2000. Virus taxonomy, classification and nomenclature of viruses.Academic Press Inc, San Diego.

Widiarta IN. 1995. Rancangan pengambilan contoh dan model populasi wereng hijau Nephotettix virescens (DISTANT) (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae). Buletin Hama dan Penyakit 8(1): 1-8.

Widiarta IN, N Usyati, and D Kusdiaman. 1997a. Antifeedant activity of andro- grapholide and three syntetic insecticides against rice green leafhopper, Nepho- tettix virescens (Distant) (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae). Bulletin Plant Pest and Disease 9: 14-19.

Widiarta IN, Yulianto, dan A Hasanuddin. 1997b. Hubungan peneluran tungro pada tanaman padi di lingkungan pertanaman dengan petak percobaan di areal tanam tidak serempak. Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian 16 (1): 6-13.

Widiarta IN,M Muhsin,dan D Kusdiaman.1998. Effect of andrographolide and two synthetic insecticides, antifeedant against Nephotettix virescens, to the rice tungro virustransmission. Indonesian Journal of Plant Protection 4: 1-8.

Widiarta IN, D Kusdiaman, danAHasanuddin. 1999. Dinamika populasi Nephotettix virescens pada dua pola tanam padi sawah. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia 5 (1): 42-49.

Widiarta IN, dan D Kusdiaman. 2007. Penggunaan jamur entomopatogen Metarrhizium anisopliae dan Beuveria bassiana untuk mengendalikan populasi wereng hijau. Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan 26 (1): 47-54.

Yustiano A. 2001. Uji efektivitas Andrografolid dan ekstrak daun sambilata (Andro- graphis paniculata Nees.) dengan aplikasi foliar terhadap aktivitas makan wereng hijau (Nephotettix virescens Distant). Skripsi. Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Jenderal Soedirman.
Published
2017-12-11
How to Cite
Yuliani, D., & Widiarta, I. N. (2017). TUNGRO DISEASE CONTROL THROUGH THE ELIMINATION VECTOR ROLE OF GREEN LEAF HOPPER WITH ENVIRONMENT FRIENDLY CONTROL. Agric, 29(2), 77-88. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24246/agric.2017.v29.i2.p77-88
Section
Articles