UJI ADAPTASI VARIETAS UNGGUL BARU TERHADAP WERENG HIJAU DAN PENYAKIT TUNGRO DI KABUPATEN MERAUKE, PROVINSI PAPUA

  • Sudarsono Sudarsono Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian Papua
  • Dini Yuliani Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian Papua
Keywords: Adaptation, New Varieties, Green Leafhopper, Tungro Disease, Merauke

Abstract

Tungro is one of the important diseases in rice plants caused by two types of viruses were rod virus (rice tungro bacilliform virus) and spherical virus (rice tungro spherical virus) that was transmitted by the green leafhopper (GLH) Nephotettix virescens. The purpose of this study to determine the adaptation of new improved varieties against GLH and tungro disease in Merauke, Papua Province. Research conducted at Tanah Miring District, Merauke, Papua Province between February and June 2010. The study was a randomized block design with three replications. The treatment consisted of 11 varieties, namely Inpari 1, Inpari 2, Inpari 3, Inpari 4, Inpari 5 Merawu, Inpari 6 Jete, Inpari 7 Lanrang, Inpari 8, Inpari 9 Elo, Inpari 10 Laeya, and Ciherang. Observations included the intensity of tungro and GLH population density at the age of rice plants of 1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks after planting (WAP). In addition, it was observed also the yield components of rice. The results showed that the GLH population density and the intensity of tungro disease was not significantly different at the 11 varieties tested. GLH attack had been found in 1 WAP with an average population density of 4.18 individual/20 single swing. GLH increases with the age of the rice crop with an average population density in 2 WAP (20 individual), 3 WAP (103.27 individual), and 4 WAP (154.15 individual) per 20 single swing. Tungro disease intensity in 11 varieties began were found in 3 WAP on average by 0.16% and increased at 4 WAP on average by 0.28%. Varieties significant effect on yield components such as plant height, panicle length, number of total grain/panicle, percentage of filled grain, 1000 grain weight and productivity except the number of panicles/clump.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Arafah. 2011. Uji Adaptasi Beberapa Varietas Unggul Baru Padi di Kecamatan Takkalalla Kabupaten Wajo.Dalam Rauf A.W., R. Hendayana, E. Sutisna, Atekan, S. Ruku. Seminar Nasional Akselerasi Pembangunan Pertanian dan Perdesaan Berbasis Inovasi dan Sumberdaya Lokal. 28 September 2011. Manokwari, ID. Bogor (ID): Balai Besar Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Teknologi Pertanian. Hal: 221-223.

Chancellor, T.C.B., P.S. Teng, and K.L. Heong. 1996.Rice tungro disease epidemiology and vector ecology. IRRI Discussion Paper Series No. 19: Int. Rice Res. Inst. Los Banos.

Gomez, A.K. and A.A. Gomez. 1995.Prosedur Statistika Untuk Penelitian Pertanian. (Terjemahan oleh Enang Sjamsudin & Justika Baharsjah). Edisi 11. UI Press, Jakarta. 698 Hal.

Hibino, H. and R.C. Cabunagan. 1986. Rice tungro associated viruses and their relation to host plants and vector leafhopper. Trop. Agric. Res. Ser. 19: 173-182.

Jamil A., Satoto, P. Sasmita, A. Guswara, Suharna. 2015. Deskripsi Varietas Unggul Baru. Balai Besar Penelitian Tanaman Padi. Sukamandi (ID). Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian.

Lestari MS dan Sudarsono. 2011.Pengendalian penyakit tungro melalui introduksi galur/varietas dan pengaturan waktu tanam pada daerah endemik di Kabupaten Merauke Papua. Dalam Rauf A.W., R. Hendayana, E. Sutisna, Atekan, S. Ruku. Seminar Nasional Akselerasi Pembangunan Pertanian dan Perdesaan Berbasis Inovasi dan Sumberdaya Lokal. 28 September 2011. Manokwari, ID. Bogor (ID): Balai Besar Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Teknologi Pertanian. Hal: 150-157.

Ling, K.C. 1979.Rice Virus Disease. IRRI. The Phillipines. 142p.

Merlin, dan A. Kasim. 2011. Pengkajian teknologi pengendalian penyakit tungro melalui introduksi galur/varietas unggul baru di Papua. Dalam Rauf A.W., R. Hendayana, E. Sutisna, Atekan, S. Ruku. Seminar Nasional Akselerasi Pembangunan Pertanian dan Perdesaan Berbasis Inovasi dan Sumberdaya Lokal. 28 September 2011. Manokwari, ID. Bogor (ID): Balai Besar Pengkajian dan PengembanganTeknologi Pertanian. Hal: 158 – 162.

Pakki, S., dan A. Bastian. 2008. Dinamika sebatan penyakit tungro pada beberapa wilayah sentra produksi padi.Prosiding Seminar Ilmiah dan Pertemuan Tahunan PEI PFI XIX Komda Sulawesi Selatan, 5 Nopember 2008. Hal: 439-452.

Pakki, S. 2010. Peran faktor ekobiologi terhadap dinamika populasi vektor dan penyakit tungro. Prosiding Seminar Ilmiah dan Pertemuan Tahunan PEI PFI XX Komda Sulawesi Selatan, 27 Mei 2010. Hal: 107-113.

Praptana, R.H., dan A. Burhanuddin. 2008. Keseuaian waktu tanam dan varietas dalam pengendalian penyakit tungro di Sulawesi Barat.ProsidingSeminar Ilmiah dan Pertemuan Tahunan PEI PFI XIX Komda Sulawesi Selatan, 5 Nopember 2008. Hal: 265-274.

Raga, I.N. 2008. Perkembangan dan penyebaran penyakit tungro di Indonesia. Prosiding Seminar Nasional “Strategi Pengendalian Penyakit Tungro Mendukung Peningkatan Produksi Beras”. Makassar, 7-8 September 2007. Hal: 1-8.

Sama, S. 1985. Penerapan konsep pergiliran varietas dalam pengelolaan penyakit tungro. Makalah temu lapang pengendalian penyakit tungro di Bayumas, 18-19 September 1985. 15 Hal.

Skelsey, P., W.A.H. Rossing, G.J.T. Kessel, J. Powell, and W. van der Werf. 2005. Influence of host diversity on development of epidemics: An evaluation and elaboration of mixture theory. Phyto-pathology 95: 328-338.

Suprihatno, B., A.A. Daradjat, Satoto, S.E. Baehaki, Suprihanto, A. Setyono, S.D. Indrasari, I.P. Wardana, dan H. Sembiring. 2010. Deskripsi varietas padi. Balai Besar Penelitian Tanaman Padi. Badan Litbang Pertanian. Kementerian Pertanian. 114 Hal.

Widiarta, I.N., Yulianto, dan M. Muhsin. 1997. Status penyebaran penyakit tungro pada padi di Jawa Barat. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia 3: 23-31.

Widiarta, I.N., D. Kusdiaman, dan A. Hasanuddin. 1999. Dinamika populasi Nephotettix virescens pada dua pola tanam padi sawah. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Padi 5 (1): 42-49.
Published
2017-10-16
How to Cite
Sudarsono, S., & Yuliani, D. (2017). UJI ADAPTASI VARIETAS UNGGUL BARU TERHADAP WERENG HIJAU DAN PENYAKIT TUNGRO DI KABUPATEN MERAUKE, PROVINSI PAPUA. Agric, 29(1), 1-10. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24246/agric.2017.v29.i1.p1-10
Section
Articles